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Content validation of scales assessing psychological antecedents of crowds among Hajj pilgrims


Abdul Rahman, Shukran and Mohd Mahudin, Nor Diana and Shuib, Mohd Arif and Ahmad Hatta, Zulkarnain and Abdul Ghani, Noraida and Sulong, Jasni and Mohd Hashim, Intan Hashimah and Mat Saad, Zarina (2014) Content validation of scales assessing psychological antecedents of crowds among Hajj pilgrims. In: International Social Development Conference 2014 (ISDC 2014), 12 – 13 August 2014, Bayview Hotel Langkawi, Malaysia.

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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to report the process of quantifying the content validity of items in five newly developed scales that measure the psychological antecedents of crowds during Hajj (i.e., Personality, Crowd mood, Expected Crowdedness, Perceived Lawlessness, and Hajj Familiarity).The purpose of content validation is to assess whether the items in the scales represent the construct of specific interest, referred to as the concept of content validity for the scales.The content validation exercise helps test developers to assess the extent to which the scale samples or represents all domains of a given concept.A scale may lack content validity if it only assesses a dimension of the construct and fails to take into account the remaining dimensions as have been defined for the respective construct.This exercise quantifies the degree of experts’ agreement (N=15) as to whether the sample of items developed adequately represent a particular dimension of the construct in question, after which the content validity ratio for each item was calculated.The value of content validity ratio serves as important basis for the acceptance of an item in the scales, as it provides the agreement of subject matter experts about the representatives of the items, and, in turn, leads to the index for high content validity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: ISBN: 978-967-0474-74-8 Organized by: School of Social Development (SSD), UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia.
Uncontrolled Keywords: content validation, content validity, content validity ratio, psychological variables, crowd, hajj
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Applied Psychology, Social Work & Policy
Depositing User: Dr. Zarina Mat Saad
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 06:24
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 02:42
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/13239

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