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Microfinance in a conflict state: Principles, strategies and challenges


John Kaka, Emmanuel and Zainal Abidin, Faudziah (2014) Microfinance in a conflict state: Principles, strategies and challenges. IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Business Management (IMPACT: IJRBM), 2 (6). pp. 39-48. ISSN 2321-886X

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Abstract

Conflict leads to destruction's of life, properties and infrastructures such as markets, airports, schools, train stations, places of worships, diplomatic houses, bus stations, roads and bridges and the consequences causes outbreak of diseases and sicknesses, loss of business and jobs, leads to conflict in the host state of the refugees and create social problems and breach of law and order and consequently, increases the number of the poor people in the society.The most hit victim of conflict is the poor.Therefore micro finance institutions have to come in to support the victims with micro credit to assist them start a micro business to generate income to get them out of poverty.The aim of the study is to determine the principles, strategies and challenges face by micro finance in the states that are besiege with conflict.The source of data collection is basically documentary. The study found out that for micro finance to operate in the conflict areas, they must initiate and implement plans that will help them carry out their functions by securing their physical assets and their staff, established a data recovery and backup system, diversify their loan portfolio, expanding their services to include micro insurance and savings. Micro finance should be able to assist their customers to foresee and get ready for any disaster by encouraging compulsory deposit or savings to help the victims of conflict to have access to funds immediately.Lastly, conflict leads to decrease in productivity of the staff, revenue or income and loss of properties both physically and financial for the clients and the micro finance institutions and hence, issuance of microloan and loans repayment also decrease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conflict, Microfinance, State, Credit, Savings
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: Prof. Madya Dr. Faudziah Zainal Abidin
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2015 08:28
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 01:19
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/15275

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