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Postural assessment in pen-and-paper-based observational methods and their associated health effects: a review


Sukadarin, Ezrin Hani and Md Deros, Baba and Ghani, Jaharah A and Mohd Nawi, Nur Syazwani and Ismail, Ahmad Rasdan (2016) Postural assessment in pen-and-paper-based observational methods and their associated health effects: a review. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 22 (3). pp. 389-398. ISSN 1080-3548

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Abstract

Introduction: This review describes standardized ergonomics assessment based on pen-and-paper observational methods for assessing ergonomics risk factors.Objective: The three main objectives are to analyze published pen-and-paper observational methods, to extract and understand the risk levels of each method and to identify their associated health effects. Methodology: The authors searched scientific databases and the Internet for materials from 1970 to 2013 using the following keywords: ergo, posture, method, observational, postural angle, health effects, pain and diseases. Postural assessments of upper arms, lower arms, wrists, neck, back and legs in six pen-and-paper-based observational methods are highlighted, extracted in groups and linked with associated adverse health effects.Results:The literature reviewed showed strengths and limitations of published pen-and-paper-based observational methods in determining the work activities, risk levels and related postural angles to adverse health effects. This provided a better understanding of unsafe work postures and how to improve these postures.Conclusion: Many pen-and-paper-based observational methods have been developed. However, there are still many limitations of these methods. There is, therefore, a need to develop a new pen-and-paper-based observational method for assessing postural problems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: posture, observational method, risk factors, health effects
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: School of Technology Management & Logistics
Depositing User: Mdm. Nur Syazwani Mohd Nawi
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2016 02:56
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2016 02:56
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/19818

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