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The influence of technology readiness on information technology competencies and civil conflict environment


Md Idris, Kamil and Kasem AlKhaffaf, Haetham H and Abdullah, Akilah and Al Aidaros, Al Hassan (2018) The influence of technology readiness on information technology competencies and civil conflict environment. Indian-Pacific Journal of Accounting and Finance (IPJAF), 2 (2). pp. 51-64.

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Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between electricity consumption and real gross domestic product in Botswana (the world’s largest producer of diamonds). The study includes capital formation in a trivariate system for the period covering 1980-2008. Zivot and Andrews (1992) unit roots test; bound test for cointegration, and Granger causality test are employed.Unidirectional causality is found from electricity consumption to real gross domestic product is in line with study of Altinay and Karagol (2005) among others. The long run estimate reinforce the Granger causality tests by indicating that electricity consumption is positively associated with real gross domestic product in the long run. Further findings suggest unidirectional causality from capital formation to real gross domestic product. The implication is that Botswana- being a highly energy dependent country- will have the performance of its capital formation on the economy partly determined by adequate electricity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economic growth, Electricity consumption, Bound test, Causality, Structural break, Botswana
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
Divisions: Tunku Puteri Intan Safinaz School of Accountancy (TISSA)
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2020 13:40
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2020 13:40
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/27383

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