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Ecotourism impacts in Pulau Kukup National Park: Exploring resident perspectives


Mohamed, Ahmad Edwin and Alwi, Mohamad Khairi and Lim, Wen Xing (2020) Ecotourism impacts in Pulau Kukup National Park: Exploring resident perspectives. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality & Culinary Arts (JTHCA), 12 (2). pp. 112-127. ISSN 1985-8914

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Abstract

Studies on resident perceptions toward the impacts of tourism development provide crucial feedbacks and information to the local tourism authorities. This study, in particular, investigated the effects of ecotourism activities from environmental, economic, and social perspectives using social exchange theory as the theoretical foundation. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed to the local residents who live in Kukup, a small fishing town adjacent to Pulau Kukup National Park to assess their views on the above aspects. The sampling procedure employed was a systematic random sampling of every 5th house in Kukup with a random starting point. The results of the descriptive analysis indicated that the residents, in general, perceived the environmental, economic, and social impacts in both positive and negative manners. However, residents tend to score higher on the positive aspects than the negative aspects of all three dimensions of impacts. In particular, residents rated the economic impacts very positively than environmental and social impacts. Besides the above, the ANOVA and t-test analyses also suggest that the resident perceptions varied significantly according to age, education, occupation, and income.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Resident perceptions; eco-tourism;impact;Pulau Kukup; national park
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Divisions: School of Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 06:33
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 06:33
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/27787

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