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Faktor-faktor terjadinya pemerdagangan perempuan dan kanak-kanak di Indonesia dan Malaysia (The factors of traficking in women and children in Indonesia and Malaysia)


Sitepu, Karolina and Yeon, Asmah Laili (2013) Faktor-faktor terjadinya pemerdagangan perempuan dan kanak-kanak di Indonesia dan Malaysia (The factors of traficking in women and children in Indonesia and Malaysia). In: Fourth Seminar on National Resilience (SNAR IV), 4 - 7 September 2013, Universitas Muslim Nusantara al-Washliyah, Medan, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Trafficking in women and children is a global issue that widely discussed at present.It is considered as a violation of human rights and the activities of transnational crime because it involves many countries.This study aimed to determine and clarify the factors that contribute to human trafficking and prevention efforts.This study using a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches (mixed method).Questionnaires were distributed to respondents and independent interviews are used as a method to obtain information directly.The study sample was selected by purposive sampling method (purposive sampling).The findings show that poverty as the key driver of these human trafficking activities.This is because of lack of education and with easily trust with the person who promises the with a special offered such as will have a high salary form a good job and they force a victim with the debt that the victim or victims family and it is more significant in this case in Indonesia and more Indonesians to participate victims of trafficking in women and children than Malaysia.In Malaysia, domestic violence is significant compared to the occurrence of trafficking of Indonesian women and children. The differences of gender also the factor in common which together have an opportunity for the occurrence of trafficking in women and children. Because of that, researchers made a suggested that the government should repair and tightened their existing legislation, to minimize the level of poverty, improving education, eliminating gender disparities, the act provides for domestic violence and sentenced to deceive performer victims of trafficking by providing job security.In conclusion, the Indonesian government should enact policies or improves their economic system which could benefit to poor societies along with John Rawls's theory of justice.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: ISBN: 9789670193083 Anjuran: Institut Pemikiran Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: human trafficking, exploitation, victims, women, children
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: College of Arts and Sciences
Depositing User: Prof. Madya Dr. Asmah Laili Yeon
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2014 07:01
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2014 07:01
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/10445

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