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Construct validity concept in human capital assessment at university in Malaysia


Yusoff, Noraniza (2013) Construct validity concept in human capital assessment at university in Malaysia. In: International Conference on Assessment for Higher Education Across Domains and Skills 2013 (AHEADS2013), 17-19 Dec 2013, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Construct validity advocated by L.J. Cronbach and P.E. Meehl (1995)fifty years ago is one of the most important concept in several discipline such as psychology and has been the focus of theoretical and empirical attention for over half a century (Smith,2005; Westen and Rosenthal, 2003).Construct validity been widely accepted, describing a process for theory validation that subsumes specific test validation operations and important psychometric properties which necessary for ensuring valid and unbiased assessments (Smith, 2005; Burnett,2012).O'Leary-Kelly and Vokurka (1998) noted that Schwab (1980) defined construct validity as representing the correspondence between a construct and operational procedure to measure or manipulate that construct.Objective of the analysis are to distinguish between the defining attributes of a construct validity concept and its irrelevant structure; and to determine internal structure of construct validity concept by breaking into simpler elements. Wilson method of concept analysis used to analyse construct validity involved isolating questions of construct validity concept,finding right answer, present model cases, contrary cases, related cases, borderline cases, invented cases, social context, underlying anxiety, practical result and results in language.Result showed that assessment of master of surgery program of School of Medical Sciences at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) valid in construct validity provable by Shahid Hassan et. al.(2012) research, which all measure of clinical construct highly reliable with Cronbach alpha and the external aspects of construct validity evaluated against six aspects of Messick's criteria for quality control relates to inter-correlation of the scores obtained in different measurement tools of the same construct and other construct.Messick's concepts of construct validity included content, substance, structure, generalizability, consequences and externality which the content aspect of Messick's construct validity framework takes into account human capital assessment that is the competence assessment of knowledge and skills as well as attitude.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Organised by: UPM Universiti Putra Malaysia Co-Organised by: AKEPT Higher Education Leadership Academy Supported by: MAGNETIC Malaysia Higher Education Teaching and Learning Council
Uncontrolled Keywords: construct validity, assessment, human capital and university
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: College of Law, Government and International Studies
Depositing User: Dr. Noraniza Yusoff
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2014 08:02
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2014 08:02
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/11556

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