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Poverty and livelihood impacts of community based fisheries management in Bangladesh


Nurul Islam, Gazi Md. and Tai, Shzee Yew and Viswanathan, K. Kuperan (2014) Poverty and livelihood impacts of community based fisheries management in Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 96. pp. 123-129. ISSN 09645691

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Abstract

We examine the impact of the Community Based Fisheries Management (CBFM) on welfare of fishing households in Bangladesh.Our analyses demonstrate how the various types of livelihood assets contribute to household income of fishers in different types of water body areas such as closed beels (deeper depressions in the floodplain), open beels (lake), floodplain beels and rivers.Data for the study were obtained from two questionnaire-based field surveys conducted by the Bangladesh CBFM project office: a baseline study carried out in 2002 and an impact study in mid-2006.A total of 1 994 households were randomly selected from 34 (51%) CBFM project water bodies in Bangladesh. Our study shows that fisher's income has significantly increased in floodplain beels (FPB), open beels (OB), and rivers.Fishers' income from fishing has been significantly reduced in closed beels (CB) due to excessive lease fees and stocking costs for aquaculture.The regression results indicate that natural, physical, and financial assets have significantly contributed to income of the fisher households in open beels, rivers, and floodplain beels. The CBFM organized fishers have changed their attitudes, improved trust, and resolved conflicts in open beels. Results of the study suggest that natural, physical, and financial assets play very significant roles in poverty reduction in CBFM areas in Bangladesh.There is a need to give priority to investment in social capital and financial credit for reducing poverty of fishers of Bangladesh.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. K. Kuperan a/l K.V.S.N Viswanathan
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2014 07:33
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 04:18
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/12270

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