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Environmental sustainability of mega-sport events: A comparison of initiatives in developed and developing countries


Konstantaki, M. (2014) Environmental sustainability of mega-sport events: A comparison of initiatives in developed and developing countries. In: 2nd Tourism and Hospitality International Conference (THIC 2014), 5-6 November 2014, Langkawi, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Sustainability has been coined 'one of the most successful concepts in tourism and event studies that has experienced exponential growth since the mid-1980s‘ (Hall, 2010). Despite its emergence as a popular concept, sustainability is a complex issue that has been poorly understood by stakeholders, policy makers and organisers of mega-sport events. Lohman and Dredge (2012) have noted that even though humans are a fundamental part of the natural environment, leading policy makers such as the International Olympic Committee, have created policies that solely consider impacts to the physical environment (i.e. transportation and pollution) while ommiting other equally significant environmental impacts such as community displacement (Porter et al., 2009), use of facilities after the event (Hiller, 2006) and uneven distribution of benefits within the host community (Gaffney, 2010).This paper will review the issues surrounding environmental sustainability of mega-sports events such as the Summer and Winter Olympic Games and the World Cup. A historical account of movements to improve sustainability, such as the Olympic Charter (IOC, 2007), the International Standards Organisation (ISO, 2010) and the Sustainable Sourcing Code (LOCOG, 2012) will be presented amongst others. The paper will particularly focus on comparing sustainability policies and strategies between developed and developing countries where mega-sport events have been held or are to be held in the near future.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: ISBN:978-983-2078-83-8 Organzed by: School of Tourism, Hospitality and Environmental Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: mega sport events, environmental sustainability, developed vs developing countries
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions: College of Law, Government and International Studies
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2015 03:03
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2015 03:03
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/13308

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