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The interplay of socio-psychological factors on school engagement among early adolescents


Awang Hashim, Rosna and Kaur, Amrita and Noman, Mohammad (2015) The interplay of socio-psychological factors on school engagement among early adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 45. pp. 214-224. ISSN 01401971

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Abstract

This study examined gender-specific relationships between adolescents' perceptions of school-related support/pressure from their parents and test anxiety. A sample of German students (N = 845; Mage = 15.32; SD = .49) completed questionnaires that measured their perceived parental support/pressure (for mother and father separately) as well as the four main components of test anxiety (worry, interference, lack of confidence, and emotionality).Gender-specific relations were identified using multigroup structural equation modeling: For girls, perceived maternal pressure was positively associated with emotionality and interference; for boys, perceived father pressure and father support were positively associated with interference and worry, respectively. For both genders, perceived mother pressure and support were related to lack of confidence.Our findings suggest that adolescents' perceptions of maternal attitudes are associated with students' self-confidence irrespective of the child's gender, whereas the remaining facets of test anxiety follow same-sex trajectories between perceived parental attitudes and adolescents' test anxiety.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Test anxiety; Parental pressure; Parental support; Gender; Adolescence
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: School of Computing
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Rosna Awang Hashim
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 02:11
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2016 01:27
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/17506

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