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The importance of good aquaculture practices in improving fish farmer’s income: A case of Malaysia

Kamaruddin, Roslina and Baharuddin, Amir Hussin (2015) The importance of good aquaculture practices in improving fish farmer’s income: A case of Malaysia. International Journal of Social Economics, 42 (12). pp. 1090-1105. ISSN 0306-8293

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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the level of good aquaculture practice (GAqP)among aquaculture farmers; and to analyse the factors influence the level of practice and the importance of GAqP in increasing farmer’s income. Design/methodology/approach – Primary data were obtained through a survey conducted on 216 aquaculture pond fish farmers. The descriptive study was employed to identify the profile of respondents and their level of GAqP practices. The structural equation modelling (SEM) method was applied to analyse the factors influence the level of GAqP practice, and the influence of GAqP on the total income of aquaculture farmers. Findings – The results showed that the pond management by brackish water fish farmers is better than freshwater fish farmer, indicated by 77 per cent of them adopt GAqP at a level of 60 per cent and above, as compared to only 20 per cent by freshwater farmers. Physical and human assets were revealed to be most significant factors influence the practice of GAqP. The results also proved that GAqP was among the significant factor contributes to increasing in farmers’ household income; in addition to their other livelihood assets. Originality/value – To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the very first study that employs SEM method to analyse the relationship between GAqP with livelihood asset and farmer’s income simultaneously in Malaysia. Furthermore, since the empirical studies related to GAqP is very few, the study will contribute to development of knowledge in the field of aquaculture. Keywords: Sustainability, Income, Fish farmer, Good aquaculture practices, Level of practice, Livelihood assets

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: Dr. Roslina Kamaruddin
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2016 02:52
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 04:47
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/17696

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