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Human capital inequality and income inequality: Developing countries


Mahmood, Suraya and Md. Noor, Zaleha (2013) Human capital inequality and income inequality: Developing countries. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 21 ((S)). pp. 189-200. ISSN 0128-7702

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Abstract

This paper examines the effect of human capital inequality on income inequality in Developing Countries.Gini coefficient is used as a consistent measurement for both inequalities. This paper also adds a few control variables: Globalization Index, GDP percapita and total population.It uses dynamic panel data two-Step System Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) for 52 countries over the period of 1970-2010. The empirical results show that human capital inequality has a significance positive effect on income inequality.This result is similar with the theoretical framework,where the human capital inequality and income inequality are positively correlated.However, other control variables such as Global and total population are insignificant with income inequality except for GDP percapita at 5 and 10 percent level.Thus, in order to reduce income inequality and to give citizens equal opportunities, governments of developing countries and policymakers need to minimise human capital inequality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human capital inequality, income inequality, Generalized Method of Moment (GMM), developing countries
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Depositing User: Mdm. Suraya Mahmood
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 04:54
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2016 04:54
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/19155

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