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Understanding the concept of al-ibtila’ (trial) in personality development: the Muslim flood victims’ experience

Naim, M. Khairul and Hilmi, Syed M. and S., Che Zarrina and S., Nurul Salikin and M. Hambali, Khadijah and Adli, Wan and Z. Abidin, Azmil and Mamat, M. Anuar and Borhan, Joni T. and A. Latif, Faizuri and Saged, Ali G. and Azhar, M. Hazim and Dawam, Rohaida M. (2016) Understanding the concept of al-ibtila’ (trial) in personality development: the Muslim flood victims’ experience. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6 (S7). pp. 133-140. ISSN 2146-4405

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Religious coping plays an important role to rehabilitate victims affected by traumatic life events. Islamic teachings emphasizes al-ibtila' (trial) concept that serves in understanding the concept of qada’ (fate) and qadar (destiny).This study explored al-ibtila’ in coping with traumatic events by achieving sense of personal control in situations that produce distress and torment, as exhibited by 2014 flood victims in Temerloh, Pahang.This study analyzed their understanding, genuine acceptance, and relationship between understanding of al-ibtila' and personality development in overcoming trauma. A mixed-method approach was applied, comprising methods of documentation, interviews (five interview subjects selected by sequential sampling), and survey questionnaires (300 flood victims as respondents). Data from documentation and interviews were analyzed using the inductive approach (qualitative) in a descriptive study, while survey data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests (quantitative). The findings gave evidence of significant positive effects in dealing with flood disaster stress from three aspects: the understanding, acceptance, and relationship between understanding of al-ibtila' with good personality development.These results emphasized the need to include understanding and acceptance of al-ibtila' as part of God’s plan in the face of traumatic events, indicating that highly optimistic flood victims can positively deal with traumatic events.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special Issue for "International Soft Science Conference (ISSC 2016), 11-13 April 2016, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia"
Uncontrolled Keywords: Al-Ibtila’, Personality Development, Flood, Flood Trauma
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: School of Business Management
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2016 09:04
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 09:04
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/20267

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