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The impact of environmental quality on public health expenditure in Malaysia


Abdullah, Hussin and Azam, Muhammad and Zakariya, Siti Khalijah (2016) The impact of environmental quality on public health expenditure in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies (APJABSS), 2 (2). pp. 365-379. ISSN 2205-6033

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Abstract

Health is one important factor in the development of human capital. Good health will lead to increased levels of productivity.This study was conducted to examine the co-integration between environmental quality and socio-economic factor for national health expenditure.This study used secondary data from the World Bank Indicators and the Department of Statistics in Malaysia.This analysis employs annual time series data on Health Expenditure (HE), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) emission in metric tonnes per capita, Fertility Rate (FR) and Mortality Rate (MR) infant per 1,000 live births.The ARDL approach is used in order to explore the possibility of estimating both short and long run impacts of environmental quality.The study found that GDP, CO2, MR, FR, NO2 and SO2 could be treated as having a relationship with health expenditure in the long run in Malaysia. SO2, fertility and infant mortality rate showed a significant factor in the country's health expenditures affect substantially.The new generation is an important element in ensuring the continuance and sustainability of national development in the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental quality, Socio-economics, ARDL.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: PM Dr. Hussin Abdullah
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 09:00
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 09:00
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/22019

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