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Two-dimensional cellular automation model to simulate pedestrian evacuation under fire-spreading conditions


Alidmat, Omar Khair Alla and Khader, Ahamad Tajudin and Hassan, Fadratul Hafinaz (2016) Two-dimensional cellular automation model to simulate pedestrian evacuation under fire-spreading conditions. Journal of Information and Communication Technology, 15 (1). ISSN 2180-3862

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Abstract

A pedestrian evacuation under fire-spreading conditions is simulated by using a two-dimensional cellular automaton model.The proposed model presents a non-static fire-spreading behavior to avoid considerable discrepancies between reality and simulation.The proposed model adopts a circular fire front shape based on spiral fire movement.Moreover, four dynamic parameters are introduced to simplify the decision-making process of a pedestrian’s movement inside the layout during fire spreading.In addition, the proposed model includes the number of victims (i.e., caught in the fire) and the number of pedestrians who were evacuated safely.By analyzing these variables, a suitable evacuation plan enabling the control of crowd movements in different situations such as fire disasters can be consequently designed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cellular automaton, pedestrian simulation, circular fire front shape, spiral fire movement.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: School of Computing
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2018 01:43
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2018 01:43
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/24075

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