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Integrating religiosity into fraud triangle theory: findings on Malaysian police officers


Said, Jamaliah and Alam, Md Mahmudul and Abdul Karim, Zulyanti and Johari, Razana Juhaida (2018) Integrating religiosity into fraud triangle theory: findings on Malaysian police officers. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 4 (2). pp. 111-123. ISSN 2056-3841

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to conduct an empirical analysis of the factors that determine the occupational fraud behavior. Design/methodology/approach – This study utilizes primary data collected by a questionnaire-based survey on 186 police officials of Malaysia including Sabah and Sarawak. Data are analyzed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and cross-sectional regression. Findings – The results derived in the study showed a statistically significant positive relationship between three basic variables of the fraud theory – pressure, opportunity, and rationalization with asset misappropriation. Moreover, this study revealed that religiosity is statistically significantly and negatively correlated to asset misappropriation. Therefore, the higher religiosity of an individual correlates with the lower probability involve in asset misappropriation. Practical implications – The findings will help Anti-Corruption Commission, Enforcement Agency of Integrity Commission, Police Department, and relevant agencies from Malaysia and other countries to design policies for reducing cases of fraudulent behavior. Originality/value – This study is an original work based on the primary data collection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethics, Malaysia, Police, Religiosity, Corruption, Fraud, Asset misappropriation, Rationalization
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2019 00:26
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2019 00:26
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/25620

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