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A study of graduate on time (GOT) for Ph.D students using decision tree model


Chin, Wan Yung and Ch’ng, Chee Keong and Mohd Jamil, Jastini (2019) A study of graduate on time (GOT) for Ph.D students using decision tree model. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2138 (1). 040006-1-040006-6. ISSN 0094-243X

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Abstract

Over the years, there has been exponential growth in the number of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) graduates in most of the universities all around the world. The increment of Ph.D students causes both university and government bodies concern about the capability of the Ph.D students to accomplish the mission of Graduate on Time (GOT) that is stipulated by the university. Therefore, this study aims to classify the Ph.D students into the group of “GOT achiever” and “non-GOT achiever” by using decision tree models. Historical data that related to all Ph.D students in a public university in Malaysia has been obtained directly from the database of Graduate Academic Information System (GAIS) in order to develop and compare the performance of decision tree models (Chi-square algorithm, Gini index algorithm, Entropy algorithm and an interactive decision tree). The result gained in four decision tree models illustrated that the attributes of English background, gender and the Ph.D students’entry Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) result are the core in impacting the students’ success. Among all models, decision tree model with Entropy algorithm perform the best by scoring the highest accuracy rate (72%) and sensitivity rate (95%). Therefore, it has been selected as the best model for predicting the ability of the Ph.D students in achieving GOT. The outcome can certainly ease the burden of universities in handling and controlling the GOT issue. Also, the model can be used by the university to uncover the restriction in this issue so that better plans can be carried out to boost the number of GOT achiever in future.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: School of Quantitative Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2020 06:36
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 06:36
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/26926

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