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GIS aplication in crime prevention (study case: Ampang Jaya Municipal Council)


Musa, Maasriah (2010) GIS aplication in crime prevention (study case: Ampang Jaya Municipal Council). In: International Seminar, Economic Regional Development, Law and Governance in Malaysia and Indonesia, 7-9 June 2010, Universitas Islam Riau Indonesia. Universitas Islam Riau Indonesia, Pekan Baru, Riau, pp. 1-14. ISBN 9789832078425

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Abstract

Crimes continue to be one of the major concerns in contemporary Malaysian societies especially in the cities. Urban population concentrating in high density has increased opportunities for crimes to occur. There have been evidences that crime incidents are related to land use. This paper discusses a study carried out to investigate the relationship between the nature of crimes committed in a city in Malaysia and the city’s land use characteristics. A total of 2,062 crime incidents categorized into theft, snatch theft, burglary at night and burglary at daylight were analyzed in the study. Spatial statistics was employed to uncover the relationship between types of crime and land use variables such as density, transportation network, land use types, etc. Spatial statistics analyses used were mean center, directional distribution, distribution pattern and hot spot analyses. The findings from the study show that crimes in the area do follow a certain pattern according to crime types and land use variables such as density, accessibility and land use types. These revelations can be helpful to the local authority in reducing crime and in enhancing neighborhood safety. In addition, utilizing spatial statistic function would also help authority such the police department in understanding the crime pattern and finding the best action in preventing crimes.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Jointly organised by Universiti Utara Malaysia and Universitas Islam Riau Indonesia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crime Analysis, GIS, Spatial Statistics, Malaysia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
Divisions: College of Law, Government and International Studies
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 03 May 2011 07:33
Last Modified: 03 May 2011 07:33
URI: http://repo.uum.edu.my/id/eprint/2708

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