Abd Karim, Mohd Zaini
Total factor productivity growth, technical change, and technical efficiency in ASEAN countries.
International Journal of Management Studies (IJMS), 7 (1&2).
This paper analyzes productivity growth in five ASEAN countries over the period 1978-1990. A Malmquist-Data-Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method as introduced
by Fare, Grosskopf Norris, and Zhang (1994) is used to calculate indices of productivity change and its components, technological change, technical efficiency change, and scale efficiency change. Results suggest that, on average, ASEAN countries productivity growth had been declining at a negative rate of 0.5 percent over the study period, mainly due to deterioration in efficiency with which existing technology is utilized rather than a lack of innovation or technological change. The results also show that Singapore is the most efficient economy in the region, while Philippines is the least efficient.
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