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Assessing different types of flood losses in Kelantan State in Malaysia during the December 2014 flood

Chan, Ngai Weng and Ku-Mahamud, Ku Ruhana and Abd Karim, Mohd Zaini (2016) Assessing different types of flood losses in Kelantan State in Malaysia during the December 2014 flood. In: 1st International Conference on Society, Space & Environment 2016, 2-3 November 2016, Bali, Indonesia.

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Malaysia is a flood-prone country, especially in the east coast state of Kelantan which is exposed to seasonal monsoon floods.Floods are a major seasonal environmental disaster affecting Kelantan state, bringing significant flood losse, viz. direct or indirect losses and tangible or intangible losses.The December 2014 flood that hit Kelantan state was a very severe flood that brought flood losses in terms of loss of lives, injury, infrastructure destruction, property damage, crop loss, loss of livelihoods, disruption to normal services and losses due to expenses in healthcare.The methodology uses a questionnaire-based cross sectional convenience sampling method in three pre-selected flood hit sites of Gua Musang, Kota Bharu and Kuala Krai.The total number of respondents interviewed was 477. The results indicate that both direct and indirect, as well as tangible and intangible flood losses were exceptionally large. Of the 477 flood victims, 407 (85.3 %) suffered losses. A total of 346 suffered direct losses in house damage averaging RM3,945.00 per family.A total of 376 victims also suffered losses to house contents, averaging RM5,250.66 per family.Another 179 victims suffered damages to vehicles (including boats) averaging losses of RM23,427.09 per family.In terms of crop losses, 14 victims reported losses averaging RM11,255.36 per family. Another 49 victims reported business losse.The reported overall direct and tangible total losses averaged RM26,622.27 per family.Yet, only a small number of victims received flood relief from government.Results also showed that during huge floods, victims cannot rely on relatives to help them as almost everyone was a victim. However, strong social capital in the form of help from family members, friends, NGOs and the Malaysian public was significant in helping victims cope and recover.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Direct Flood Damage; Indirect Flood Damage; Tangible Flood Damage; Intangible Flood Damage.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Divisions: School of Computing
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ku Ruhana Ku Mahamud
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2017 08:08
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2017 08:08

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