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A critical review of the literature on the concept of job mismatch and over education

Shahidan, Asnida and Ismail, Russayani (2021) A critical review of the literature on the concept of job mismatch and over education. Journal of Economics and Sustainability, 3 (1). pp. 33-41. ISSN 2637-1294

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Job-education mismatch and over education issues among graduates have been discussed extensively, specifically related to the incidents, determinants, methods of measurement, and the effects of the mismatch. Despite this, the concept of job-education mismatch itself is not clearly explained. Since understanding this concept has theoretical and practical implications, this paper provides a critical review of the job mismatch concept and relates it to over education, which is a type of job-education imbalance under a vertical mismatch. This study relies solely on the literature review and does not provide any empirical evidence related to these concepts. A few issues have been highlighted and worth considering for further deliberation. Firstly, even though job-education mismatch, over education, over qualification, and underemployment are interchangeably used, these concepts have quite a distinct meaning. Secondly, when individuals’ skills are considered in discussing vertical and horizontal mismatch, the scope of mismatch tends to be broader than that of over education. Thirdly, the discussion on over education tends to concentrate on the level of study imbalance and not on both the level and type of study. Fourthly, job-education imbalance by the field of study (horizontal mismatch) is not easily defined, and the discussion tends to be related to over education

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mismatch, overeducation, qualification, graduate, job.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2021 01:52
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2021 01:52

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