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Adaptation, validation and translation of the women personal empowerment scale

Fayyaz, Sana and Bukhari, Fatima Khurram and Fahd, Samar and Lodhi, Rab Nawaz (2020) Adaptation, validation and translation of the women personal empowerment scale. Global Business Management Review, 12 (2). pp. 31-49. ISSN 2600 - 8416

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Pakistan ranks third in the list of the most hazardous countries for woman's survival. In this study, by using the quantitative approach, the scale adaptation process was conducted in three phases as integration of instruments, generation of items, and generalization of expert reviews. Back-to-Back translation on 40 women was done to determine the understanding of the Urdu language of personal empowerment scale. Sequentially, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed on the data collected from 360 respondents for the Construct Validity Method (CVM) on personal empowerment Scale-Urdu Version. The results confirmed the validity of the scale. Cross-language validity was also determined. The empirical findings also indicated that women's personal empowerment plays a significant role in improving their quality of life. Theorists and practitioners need to pay more attention to the generalization of the personal empower scale.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Personal empowerment, Women, Adaptation, Validation, Pakistan.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: School of Economics, Finance & Banking
Depositing User: Mrs. Norazmilah Yaakub
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2021 00:58
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2021 00:58

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