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Regulating biosafety of genetically modified crops in Indonesia: limits and challenges

Ulum, Muhammad Bahrul (2021) Regulating biosafety of genetically modified crops in Indonesia: limits and challenges. UUM Journal of Legal Studies (UUMJLS), 12 (01). pp. 157-177. ISSN 2229-984X

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The global use of genetically modified (GM) crops is rapidly expanding. While the advent of this agricultural biotechnology offers new promises to cater to the rising demand for Indonesia’s food security, the government should ensure its safety. This paper examined the regulatory regime over biosafety in Indonesia by considering the global fragmentation of biosafety regulation that debates its impact on environmental and health aspects. After Indonesia ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity, which specifically became the global guideline on how domestic biosafety policies are regulated, environmental and health issues are among the priorities that the use of GM crops contests to the precautionary approach. Amidst the insufficient scientific ground on its safety, GM crops use is supposed to result in adverse impacts, and the suspicion over the safety of such a new cutting-edge agricultural technology ended with a series of rejections. This paper’s results revealed that amongst the global contention over the regulatory regime on biosafety, which resulted in the bifurcation of biosafety regulation, Indonesia has added a new polarisation. This polarisation includes the release of GM crops certification, and Indonesia’s desire of regulating biosafety deliberations over the definition and translation of biosafety in the domestic regulatory regime against the global regulatory diversity of biosafety.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosafety, GM crops, precautionary principle
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: College of Law, Government and International Studies
Depositing User: Mrs Nurin Jazlina Hamid
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2022 09:09
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2022 09:09

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